What is the difference between ICAO, JAA, FAA, EASA, and CAA?

  • What is the difference between ICAO, JAA, FAA, EASA, and CAA? Magnetoz

    There seems to be many regulation bodies across the globe, how are they different and how are they alike? Specifically, how is ICAO different from the rest?

  • ICAO: It is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Almost all countries of the world are members.

    FAA: It is for USA, and enforced a lot more standards than the minimum set forth by ICAO.

    EASA/JAA: These are of Europe. EASA reached full functionality in 2008 and took functions from JAA. EASA is for EU, whereas JAA is for non-EU countries also (e.g. Turkey).

    So in a nutshell, every country/region can have or has a regulatory body, which adheres to the minimum or some basic standards set forth by ICAO. Then they can add more according to their needs. For example, all international flights have to communicate in English, but this restriction may not be there for domestic travelling.

  • Let me give you a brief description of all the authorities you mentioned (as far as I know them). I hope this will help you and answers your question.

    ICAO - The International Civil Aviation Organization is was founded to set up international standards in aviation. When international air travel became more and more present (1947) there was a need have international regulations. The ICAO counts 191 member states and all have to adopt their guidelines or advice the ICAO of regional differences, which will then published by the ICAO.

    FAA The Federal Aviation Administration is the aviation authority of the united states of america. It is responsible for setting up the federal aviation regulations (FAR), which are binding for all flight operations in the US. The FAA also provides air traffic control service at most control towers and all en-route air traffic control centers.

    EASA - The European Aviation Safety Agency, former Joint Aviation Authority (JAA), is best described by taking both names: It's he European aviation authority. I personally (on my license it still says JAA) don't see the advantages of EASA compared to JAA. I've heard that they are aiming for a 'Single European Sky', which I would really appreciate, but it also costs a lot of money and means a bunch of new paperwork. Let's return to your question as an authority you can compare EASA to the FAA, but you need to remember that it is still an international and organization, so even if they are small, there are regional differences.

    CAA - Honestly I don't even know what the abbreviation stands for, but as far as I know it's the Chinese aviation authority and a governmental organization of the republic of China.

    As you see, all of them are there to establish rules for aviation in order to make it as safe and efficient as possible. The ICAO is international and responsible for very basic - they are still complex - general rules. The other authority are making there regulations according to, or at least, based on the ICAO standards.

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