Currently in my mid-'30s, I can still clearly remember the time when half of the plane's passengers were smoking throughout a long-haul flight. I know commercial flights became non-smoking sometime in the late '90s but I can't remember the exact timeline and the Wikipedia article is remarkably lean in details.
When did the major airlines start forbidding inflight smoking? How long did it take for the new policy to spread across most of the airlines? Can we expect this length of transition period to apply to other significant policy changes (e.g. the use of small electronic devices being allowed during take-off and landing by some airlines, provided they are in flight-safe mode)?
There is an interesting timeline here which includes other transportation service as well.
According to this New York Times article, the FAA banned smoking on all flights under 2 hours beginning April 23, 1988. According to the timeline, Northwest and British Airways make all domestic service smoke free shortly after.
On February 25th, 1990, the rule is expanded to all domestic flights under 6 hours, which includes all but 28 of 16,000 flights.
In 1992, ICAO urges its members to go smoke free by July 1, 1996. Delta went smoke free on all flights starting in 1995. TWA, United, and American follow suit in 1997. In 1998 even more airlines go smoke free.
This federal rule bans smoking on all flights to and from the US and is effective June 4, 2000. It mentions that all domestic and 98% of international flights were already in compliance.
td;dr The FAA banned smoking on all flights under 2 hours in 1988, and it escalated from there. Within 10 years, almost all airlines were smoke free.
I think that smoking had the advantage of being a health issue, whereas electronic devices are more just convenience and comfort. Barring any emergent safety issues, it seems easier to allow people to do something new (use electronic devices) than stop them from doing something (smoking). Considering the proliferation and advancement of inflight entertainment systems, I would expect airlines to be fairly quick about allowing the use of devices, especially since some already do (I know American and United do).
Currently in my mid-'30s, I can still clearly remember the time when half of the plane's passengers were smoking throughout a long-haul flight. I know commercial flights became non-smoking sometime in the late '90s but I can't remember the exact timeline and the Wikipedia article is remarkably lean in details. When did the major airlines start forbidding inflight smoking? How long did it take for the new policy to spread across most of the airlines? Can we expect this length of transition period to apply to other significant policy changes (e.g. the use of small electronic devices being
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These days, when reading news about missing Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200, I keep coming across a scenario where pilot might have deliberately turned off the transponder which is used for the communication of flight with ATC. When there is a possibility that any bad thing can happen when pilot turn off transponder, why would one give the ability of turning off the transponder to a pilot when he/she usually depends on instructions from ATC or flight control. Is there anyway that ATC can turn on transponder back from ground?
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47 CFR 87.87 requires the captain of a US registered aircraft to have their Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit (RP) unless it is a domestic flight. How do you go about getting one? I used the FCC's website a long time ago and remember that it is terribly confusing. A great answer would include step-by-step directions for those that haven't had to do it yet!